Engine Block


Piston Rings
End Gap
1. Using a piston, push a new ring into the cylinder
bore 15 – 20 mm (0.6 – 0.8 in) from the bottom.
2. Measure the piston ring end-gap with a feeler
• If the gap is too small, check to see if you have
the proper rings for your engine.
• If the gap is too large, recheck the cylinder bore
diameter against the wear limits on page 7-12. If
the bore is over limit, the cylinder block must be
Piston Ring End-Gap:
Top Ring
Standard (New): 0.25-0.40 mm
(0.010-0.016 in)
Service Limit: 0.60 mm (0.024 in)
Second Ring
Standard (New): 0.35-0.50 mm
(0.014-0.020 in)
Service Limit 0.75 mm (0.03 in)
Oil Ring
Standard (New): 0.20-0.70 mm (0.008-0.028
Service Limit: 0.80 mm (0.031 in)
1. Using a ring expander, remove the old piston rings.
2. Clean all ring grooves thoroughly.
• Use a squared-off broken ring or ring groove
cleaner with blade to fit piston grooves.
• Top and 2nd ring grooves are 1.2 mm (0.05 in)
wide and the oil ring groove is 2.8 mm (0.11 in)
• File down the blade if necessary.
CAUTION: Do not use a wire brush to clean the ring
grooves, or cut ring grooves deeper with a cleaning
3. Install new rings in the proper sequence and posi-
tion (see page 7-16).
NOTE: Do not reuse old piston rings.